Jesus is God and He is the Son of God. This is a hard teaching for mortal man to comprehend: how anyone can be both God and the Son of God.
It’s all part of the mystery of the Trinity. God is One and God is Three, one divine essence that appears to us in three persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. We worship one God; we distinguish among the persons of the Trinity, but we do not divide the substance. In other words, the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. Each is God and God is One. Three is One and One is Three. No wonder we call it a mystery!
The entire three persons of the Trinity are coeternal and coequal with one another. Jesus even claims to be God in one reference and to be the same as the Father in another. Yet at the same time we see Him talking with and praying to the Father.
The Bible tells us that Jesus, as God, came to earth to seek and to save the lost. He came as a baby, conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of a virgin. He was sinless, and absolutely perfect in every way. Yet God made Him who “knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (2 Corinthians 5:21)
Because of His perfection and His sinlessness, Jesus was the perfect, unblemished sacrifice for the sins of mankind. He paid the debt for ALL, reconciling man to the Father and restoring fellowship with Him. When the Father looks at us, He sees the blood of Jesus that covers our sins. It is as if we had never sinned. But without Jesus’ death on the cross, we would retain all the sins that separate us from the Father.
Sometimes we try to earn our salvation by being good enough to be forgiven by the Father. It doesn’t work that way. Scripture tells us in Ephesians 2:8-9 that it is “by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast.”